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What is wellness?

Wellness is the holistic integration of mind, body, and spiritual well-being (Stoewen, 2017), which requires constant and consistent maintenance.

Health vs Wellness

Health refers to the "state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" (WHO, 1946), while wellness is the "active process through which people become aware of, and make choices toward, a more successful existence" (National Wellness Institute, 1976). In short, health is a state, while wellness is a conscious, ever-changing process.

Maintaining wellness helps us attain health.

The 10 dimensions of wellness

Categorizing wellness into various dimensions not only helps us view wellness holistically but also helps us realise that wellness can be attained in diverse ways.

At Total Wellness Initiative Singapore, we have identified 10 dimensions of wellness to ensure a fulfilling life.

1. Physical wellness:

  • Ability to maintain physical health

  • Examples of physical wellness include exercising regularly, eating healthy, etc

2. Psychological wellness:

  • Ability to maintain a positive mental health

  • Examples of psychological wellness include regular meditation/muscle relaxation exercises, practising gratitude

3. Social wellness:

  • Ability to maintain meaningful relationships and have healthy interactions with others

  • Examples include spending quality time with loved ones, engaging in volunteer work


4. Occupational wellness:

  • Ability to achieve work-life balance, address workplace stress, and build collegial relationships.

  • Examples include healthy communication with colleagues, conflict resolution at work, finding ways to make the job more fulfilling/meaningful, balancing work and leisure.


5. Digital wellness

  • Ability to intentionally maintain a healthy relationship with technology.

  • Examples of digital wellness include setting time limits on social media usage, using "Do Not Disturb" mode.


6. Intellectual wellness

  • Ability to recognize abilities and expand knowledge and skills.

  • Examples include pursuing personal/professional development, learning new skills, expanding personal hobbies.

7. Spiritual wellness

  • Ability to expand one’s sense of purpose and meaning in life, understanding one's own values/beliefs/morals that guide actions.

  • Examples include praying, reflecting on self and the meaning of life.


8. Environmental wellness

  • Ability to create or place oneself in an environment that supports health/well-being, directly (decluttering) or indirectly (adopting environmentally healthy practices).

  • Examples include spending time in nature, purchasing from sustainable businesses, ensuring the workstation is neat/pleasing to the eye.


9. Financial wellness

  • Ability to manage one’s finances well, make prudent financial decisions, and feel secure in financial future.

  • Examples include living within one’s means, reducing debt, saving for retirement.


10. Creative wellness

  • Ability to appreciate and participate in art and cultural experiences, to get in touch with one’s creative side.

  • Examples include journaling, doodling, dancing.




Our Framework

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